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Joshua 10:8-10

Context
10:8 The Lord told Joshua, “Don’t be afraid of them, for I am handing them over to you. 1  Not one of them can resist you.” 2  10:9 Joshua attacked them by surprise after marching all night from Gilgal. 3  10:10 The Lord routed 4  them before Israel. Israel 5  thoroughly defeated them 6  at Gibeon. They chased them up the road to the pass 7  of Beth Horon and struck them down all the way to Azekah and Makkedah.

1 tn Heb “I have given them into your hand.” The verbal form is a perfect of certitude, emphasizing the certainty of the action.

2 tn Heb “and not a man [or “one”] of them will stand before you.”

3 tn Heb “Joshua came upon them suddenly, all the night he went up from Gilgal.”

4 tn Or “caused to panic.”

5 tn Heb “he.” The referent is probably Israel (mentioned at the end of the previous sentence in the verse; cf. NIV, NRSV), but it is also possible that the Lord should be understood as the referent (cf. NASB “and He slew them with a great slaughter at Gibeon”), or even Joshua (cf. NEB “and Joshua defeated them utterly in Gibeon”).

6 tn Heb “struck them down with a great striking down.”

7 tn Or “ascent.”



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