10:10 The Lord routed 1 them before Israel. Israel 2 thoroughly defeated them 3 at Gibeon. They chased them up the road to the pass 4 of Beth Horon and struck them down all the way to Azekah and Makkedah. 10:11 As they fled from Israel on the slope leading down from 5 Beth Horon, the Lord threw down on them large hailstones from the sky, 6 all the way to Azekah. They died – in fact, more died from the hailstones than the Israelites killed with the sword.
“O sun, stand still over Gibeon!
O moon, over the Valley of Aijalon!”
10:13 The sun stood still and the moon stood motionless while the nation took vengeance on its enemies. The event is recorded in the Scroll of the Upright One. 8 The sun stood motionless in the middle of the sky and did not set for about a full day. 9
1 tn Or “caused to panic.”
2 tn Heb “he.” The referent is probably Israel (mentioned at the end of the previous sentence in the verse; cf. NIV, NRSV), but it is also possible that the
3 tn Heb “struck them down with a great striking down.”
4 tn Or “ascent.”
5 tn Heb “on the descent of.”
7 tn Heb “Then Joshua spoke to the
8 tn Heb “Is it not written down in the Scroll of the Upright One.” Many modern translations render, “the Scroll [or Book] of Jashar,” leaving the Hebrew name “Jashar” (which means “Upright One”) untranslated.
sn The Scroll of the Upright One was apparently an ancient Israelite collection of songs and prayers (see also 2 Sam 1:18).
9 tn Heb “and did not hurry to set [for] about a full day.”