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Jonah 1:1

Context
Jonah Tries to Run from the Lord

1:1 The Lord said 1  to Jonah son of Amittai, 2 

Jonah 3:1

Context
The People of Nineveh Respond to Jonah’s Warning

3:1 The Lord said to Jonah 3  a second time,

1 tn Heb “The word of the Lord.” The genitive noun in the construction דְּבַר־יְהוָה (dÿvar-yÿhvah, “word of the Lord”) could function as a possessive genitive (“the Lord’s word”; see IBHS 145 §9.5.1g), but more likely it functions as a subjective genitive (“the Lord said”; see IBHS 143 §9.5.1a). The Aramaic translation of Jonah 1:1 (Aramaic translations of the Hebrew Bible are known as Targums) interprets the Hebrew as “There was a word of prophecy from the Lord” (cf. Tg. Hos 1:1).

2 tn Heb “The word of the Lord was to Jonah…saying….” The infinitive לֵאמֹר (lemor, “saying”) introduces direct discourse and is untranslated in English.

3 tn Heb “The word of the Lord [was] to Jonah.” See the note on 1:1.



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