6:10 Jesus said, “Have 8 the people sit down.” (Now there was a lot of grass in that place.) 9 So the men 10 sat down, about five thousand in number. 6:11 Then Jesus took the loaves, and when he had given thanks, he distributed the bread to those who were seated. He then did the same with the fish, 11 as much as they wanted. 6:12 When they were all satisfied, Jesus 12 said to his disciples, “Gather up the broken pieces that are left over, so that nothing is wasted.” 6:13 So they gathered them up and filled twelve baskets with broken pieces from the five barley loaves 13 left over by the people who had eaten.
6:14 Now when the people saw the miraculous sign that Jesus 14 performed, they began to say to one another, “This is certainly the Prophet 15 who is to come into the world.” 16 6:15 Then Jesus, because he knew they were going to come and seize him by force to make him king, withdrew again up the mountainside alone. 17
1 tn Grk “when he lifted up his eyes” (an idiom).
2 tn Grk “he”; the referent (Jesus) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
3 sn This is a parenthetical note by the author.
4 tn Grk “Philip answered him.”
5 tn Grk “two hundred denarii.” The denarius was a silver coin worth about a day’s wage for a laborer; this would be an amount worth about eight months’ pay.
6 tn Grk “one of his disciples.”
7 tn Grk “but what are these”; the word “good” is not in the Greek text, but is implied.
8 tn Grk “Make.”
9 sn This is a parenthetical note by the author (suggesting an eyewitness recollection).
10 tn Here “men” has been used in the translation because the following number, 5,000, probably included only adult males (see the parallel in Matt 14:21).
11 tn Grk “likewise also (he distributed) from the fish.”
12 tn Grk “he”; the referent (Jesus) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
13 sn Note that the fish mentioned previously (in John 6:9) are not emphasized here, only the five barley loaves. This is easy to understand, however, because the bread is of primary importance for the author in view of Jesus’ upcoming discourse on the Bread of Life.
14 tn Grk “he”; the referent (Jesus) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
15 sn The Prophet is a reference to the “prophet like Moses” of Deut 18:15, by this time an eschatological figure in popular belief.
16 sn An allusion to Deut 18:15.
17 sn Jesus, knowing that his “hour” had not yet come (and would not, in this fashion) withdrew again up the mountainside alone. The ministry of miracles in Galilee, ending with this, the multiplication of the bread (the last public miracle in Galilee recorded by John) aroused such a popular response that there was danger of an uprising. This would have given the authorities a legal excuse to arrest Jesus. The nature of Jesus’ kingship will become an issue again in the passion narrative of the Fourth Gospel (John 18:33ff.). Furthermore, the volatile reaction of the Galileans to the signs prepares for and foreshadows the misunderstanding of the miracle itself, and even the misunderstanding of Jesus’ explanation of it (John 6:22-71).