4:21 Jesus said to her, “Believe me, woman, 1 a time 2 is coming when you will worship 3 the Father neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem.
8:10 Jesus stood up straight 4 and said to her, “Woman, 5 where are they? Did no one condemn you?”
19:26 So when Jesus saw his mother and the disciple whom he loved standing there, he said to his mother, “Woman, 6 look, here is your son!”
20:15 Jesus said to her, “Woman, why are you weeping? Who are you looking for?” Because she 7 thought he was the gardener, she said to him, “Sir, if you have carried him away, tell me where you have put him, and I will take him.”
1 sn Woman was a polite form of address (see BDAG 208-9 s.v. γυνή 1), similar to “Madam” or “Ma’am” used in English in different regions.
2 tn Grk “an hour.”
3 tn The verb is plural.
4 tn Or “straightened up.”
5 sn Woman was a polite form of address (see BDAG 208-9 s.v. γυνή 1), similar to “Madam” or “Ma’am” used in English in different regions.
6 sn The term Woman is Jesus’ normal, polite way of addressing women (Matt 15:28, Luke 13:12; John 4:21; 8:10; 19:26; 20:15; see BDAG 208-9 s.v. γυνή 1). But it is unusual for a son to address his mother with this term. The custom in both Hebrew (or Aramaic) and Greek would be for a son to use a qualifying adjective or title. Is there significance in Jesus’ use here? Jesus probably used the term here to help establish Mary and the beloved disciple in a new “mother-son” relationship. Someone would soon need to provide for Mary since Jesus, her oldest son, would no longer be alive. By using this term Jesus distanced himself from Mary so the beloved disciple could take his place as her earthly son (cf. John 2:4). See D. A. Carson, John, 617-18, for discussion about symbolic interpretations of this relationship between Mary and the beloved disciple.
7 tn Grk “that one” (referring to Mary Magdalene).