4:11 “Sir,” 1 the woman 2 said to him, “you have no bucket and the well 3 is deep; where then do you get this 4 living water? 5
4:15 The woman said to him, “Sir, give me this water, so that I will not be thirsty or have to come here to draw 6 water.” 7
1 tn Or “Lord.” The Greek term κύριος (kurios) means both “Sir” and “Lord.” In this passage there is probably a gradual transition from one to the other as the woman’s respect for Jesus grows throughout the conversation (4:11, 15, 19).
2 tc ‡ Two early and important Greek
3 tn The word for “well” has now shifted to φρέαρ (frear, “cistern”); earlier in the passage it was πηγή (phgh).
4 tn The anaphoric article has been translated “this.”
5 sn Where then do you get this living water? The woman’s reply is an example of the “misunderstood statement,” a technique appearing frequently in John’s Gospel. Jesus was speaking of living water which was spiritual (ultimately a Johannine figure for the Holy Spirit, see John 7:38-39), but the woman thought he was speaking of flowing (fresh drinkable) water. Her misunderstanding gave Jesus the opportunity to explain what he really meant.
6 tn Grk “or come here to draw.”
7 tn The direct object of the infinitive ἀντλεῖν (antlein) is understood in Greek but supplied for clarity in the English translation.
8 tn Grk “behold” or “perceive,” but these are not as common in contemporary English usage.