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John 19:40

Context
19:40 Then they took Jesus’ body and wrapped it, with the aromatic spices, 1  in strips of linen cloth 2  according to Jewish burial customs. 3 

1 tn On this term see BDAG 140-41 s.v. ἄρωμα. The Jews did not practice embalming, so these materials were used to cover the stench of decay and slow decomposition.

2 tn The Fourth Gospel uses ὀθονίοις (oqonioi") to describe the wrappings, and this has caused a good deal of debate, since it appears to contradict the synoptic accounts which mention a σινδών (sindwn), a large single piece of linen cloth. If one understands ὀθονίοις to refer to smaller strips of cloth, like bandages, there would be a difference, but diminutive forms have often lost their diminutive force in Koine Greek (BDF §111.3), so there may not be any difference.

3 tn Grk “cloth as is the custom of the Jews to prepare for burial.”



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