19:38 After this, Joseph of Arimathea, a disciple of Jesus (but secretly, because he feared the Jewish leaders 1 ), 2 asked Pilate if he could remove the body of Jesus. Pilate 3 gave him permission, so he went and took the body away. 4 19:39 Nicodemus, the man who had previously come to Jesus 5 at night, 6 accompanied Joseph, 7 carrying a mixture of myrrh and aloes 8 weighing about seventy-five pounds. 9 19:40 Then they took Jesus’ body and wrapped it, with the aromatic spices, 10 in strips of linen cloth 11 according to Jewish burial customs. 12 19:41 Now at the place where Jesus 13 was crucified 14 there was a garden, 15 and in the garden 16 was a new tomb where no one had yet been buried. 17 19:42 And so, because it was the Jewish day of preparation 18 and the tomb was nearby, 19 they placed Jesus’ body there.
2 sn This is a parenthetical note by the author.
3 tn Grk “And Pilate.” The conjunction καί (kai, “and”) has not been translated here in keeping with the tendency of contemporary English style to use shorter sentences.
4 tn Grk “took away his body.”
5 tn Grk “him”; the referent (Jesus) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
7 tn Grk “came”; the words “accompanied Joseph” are not in the Greek text but are supplied for clarity.
8 sn Aloes refers to an aromatic resin from a plant similar to a lily, used for embalming a corpse.
9 sn The Roman pound (λίτρα, litra) weighed twelve ounces or 325 grams. Thus 100 Roman pounds would be about 32.5 kilograms or 75 pounds.
10 tn On this term see BDAG 140-41 s.v. ἄρωμα. The Jews did not practice embalming, so these materials were used to cover the stench of decay and slow decomposition.
11 tn The Fourth Gospel uses ὀθονίοις (oqonioi") to describe the wrappings, and this has caused a good deal of debate, since it appears to contradict the synoptic accounts which mention a σινδών (sindwn), a large single piece of linen cloth. If one understands ὀθονίοις to refer to smaller strips of cloth, like bandages, there would be a difference, but diminutive forms have often lost their diminutive force in Koine Greek (BDF §111.3), so there may not be any difference.
12 tn Grk “cloth as is the custom of the Jews to prepare for burial.”
13 tn Grk “he”; the referent (Jesus) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
15 tn Or “an orchard.”
16 tn Or “orchard.”
17 tn Grk “been placed.”
18 sn The day of preparation was the day before the Sabbath when everything had to be prepared for it, as no work could be done on the Sabbath.
19 sn The tomb was nearby. The Passover and the Sabbath would begin at 6 p.m., so those who had come to prepare and bury the body could not afford to waste time.