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John 19:3

Context
19:3 They 1  came up to him again and again 2  and said, “Hail, king of the Jews!” 3  And they struck him repeatedly 4  in the face.

1 tn Grk “And they.” The conjunction καί (kai, “and”) has not been translated here in keeping with the tendency of contemporary English style to use shorter sentences.

2 tn The words “again and again” are implied by the (iterative) imperfect verb ἤρχοντο (hrconto).

3 tn Or “Long live the King of the Jews!”

sn The greeting used by the soldiers, “Hail, King of the Jews!”, is a mockery based on the standard salutation for the Roman emperor, “Ave, Caesar!” (“Hail to Caesar!”).

4 tn The word “repeatedly” is implied by the (iterative) imperfect verb ἐδιδοσαν (edidosan).



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