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John 19:29-30

Context
19:29 A jar full of sour wine 1  was there, so they put a sponge soaked in sour wine on a branch of hyssop 2  and lifted it 3  to his mouth. 19:30 When 4  he had received the sour wine, Jesus said, “It is completed!” 5  Then he bowed his head and gave up his spirit. 6 

1 sn The cheap sour wine was called in Latin posca, and referred to a cheap vinegar wine diluted heavily with water. It was the drink of slaves and soldiers, and was probably there for the soldiers who had performed the crucifixion.

2 sn Hyssop was a small aromatic bush; exact identification of the plant is uncertain. The hyssop used to lift the wet sponge may have been a form of reed (κάλαμος, kalamo", “reed,” is used in Matt 27:48 and Mark 15:36); the biblical name can refer to several different species of plant (at least eighteen different plants have been suggested).

3 tn Or “and brought it.”

4 tn Grk “Then when.” Here οὖν (oun) has not been translated for stylistic reasons.

5 tn Or “It is accomplished,” “It is finished,” or “It is ended.” See tn on John 13:1.

6 tn Or “he bowed his head and died”; Grk “he bowed his head and gave over the spirit.”



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