1 sn The cheap sour wine was called in Latin posca, and referred to a cheap vinegar wine diluted heavily with water. It was the drink of slaves and soldiers, and was probably there for the soldiers who had performed the crucifixion.
2 sn Hyssop was a small aromatic bush; exact identification of the plant is uncertain. The hyssop used to lift the wet sponge may have been a form of reed (κάλαμος, kalamo", “reed,” is used in Matt 27:48 and Mark 15:36); the biblical name can refer to several different species of plant (at least eighteen different plants have been suggested).
3 tn Or “and brought it.”
4 tn Grk “Then when.” Here οὖν (oun) has not been translated for stylistic reasons.
6 tn Or “he bowed his head and died”; Grk “he bowed his head and gave over the spirit.”