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John 17:6-12

Context
Jesus Prays for the Disciples

17:6 “I have revealed 1  your name to the men 2  you gave me out of the world. They belonged to you, 3  and you gave them to me, and they have obeyed 4  your word. 17:7 Now they understand 5  that everything 6  you have given me comes from you, 17:8 because I have given them the words you have given me. They 7  accepted 8  them 9  and really 10  understand 11  that I came from you, and they believed that you sent me. 17:9 I am praying 12  on behalf of them. I am not praying 13  on behalf of the world, but on behalf of those you have given me, because they belong to you. 14  17:10 Everything 15  I have belongs to you, 16  and everything you have belongs to me, 17  and I have been glorified by them. 18  17:11 I 19  am no longer in the world, but 20  they are in the world, and I am coming to you. Holy Father, keep them safe 21  in your name 22  that you have given me, so that they may be one just as we are one. 23  17:12 When I was with them I kept them safe 24  and watched over them 25  in your name 26  that you have given me. Not one 27  of them was lost except the one destined for destruction, 28  so that the scripture could be fulfilled. 29 

1 tn Or “made known,” “disclosed.”

2 tn Here “men” is retained as a translation for ἀνθρώποις (anqrwpoi") rather than the more generic “people” because in context it specifically refers to the eleven men Jesus had chosen as apostles (Judas had already departed, John 13:30). If one understands the referent here to be the broader group of Jesus’ followers that included both men and women, a translation like “to the people” should be used here instead.

3 tn Grk “Yours they were.”

4 tn Or “have kept.”

5 tn Or “they have come to know,” or “they have learned.”

6 tn Grk “all things.”

7 tn Grk And they.” The conjunction καί (kai, “and”) has not been translated here in keeping with the tendency of contemporary English style to use shorter sentences.

8 tn Or “received.”

9 tn The word “them” is not in the Greek text, but is implied. Direct objects were often omitted in Greek when clear from the context.

10 tn Or “truly.”

11 tn Or have come to know.”

12 tn Grk “I am asking.”

13 tn Grk “I am not asking.”

14 tn Or “because they are yours.”

15 tn Grk And all things.” The conjunction καί (kai, “and”) has not been translated here in keeping with the tendency of contemporary English style to use shorter sentences.

16 tn Or “Everything I have is yours.”

17 tn Or “everything you have is mine.”

18 tn Or “I have been honored among them.”

sn The theme of glory with which Jesus began this prayer in 17:1-5 now recurs. Jesus said that he had been glorified by his disciples, but in what sense was this true? Jesus had manifested his glory to them in all of the sign-miracles which he had performed, beginning with the miracle at the wedding feast in Cana (2:11). He could now say that he had been glorified by them in the light of what he had already said in vv. 7-8, that the disciples had come to know that he had come from the Father and been sent by the Father. He would, of course, be glorified by them further after the resurrection, as they carried on his ministry after his departure.

19 tn Grk And I.” The conjunction καί (kai, “and”) has not been translated here in keeping with the tendency of contemporary English style to use shorter sentences.

20 tn The context indicates that this should be translated as an adversative or contrastive conjunction.

21 tn Or “protect them”; Grk “keep them.”

22 tn Or “by your name.”

23 tn The second repetition of “one” is implied, and is supplied here for clarity.

24 tn Or “I protected them”; Grk “I kept them.”

25 tn Grk “and guarded them.”

26 tn Or “by your name.”

27 tn Grk And not one.” The conjunction καί (kai, “and”) has not been translated here in keeping with the tendency of contemporary English style to use shorter sentences.

28 tn Grk “the son of destruction” (a Semitic idiom for one appointed for destruction; here it is a reference to Judas).

sn The one destined to destruction refers to Judas. Clearly in John’s Gospel Judas is portrayed as a tool of Satan. He is described as “the devil” in 6:70. In 13:2 Satan put into Judas’ heart the idea of betraying Jesus, and 13:27 Satan himself entered Judas. Immediately after this Judas left the company of Jesus and the other disciples and went out into the realm of darkness (13:30). Cf. 2 Thess 2:3, where this same Greek phrase (“the son of destruction”; see tn above) is used to describe the man through whom Satan acts to rebel against God in the last days.

29 sn A possible allusion to Ps 41:9 or Prov 24:22 LXX. The exact passage is not specified here, but in John 13:18, Ps 41:9 is explicitly quoted by Jesus with reference to the traitor, suggesting that this is the passage to which Jesus refers here. The previous mention of Ps 41:9 in John 13:18 probably explains why the author felt no need for an explanatory parenthetical note here. It is also possible that the passage referred to here is Prov 24:22 LXX, where in the Greek text the phrase “son of destruction” appears.



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