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John 11:54-55

Context

11:54 Thus Jesus no longer went 1  around publicly 2  among the Judeans, 3  but went away from there to the region near the wilderness, to a town called Ephraim, 4  and stayed there with his disciples. 11:55 Now the Jewish feast of Passover 5  was near, and many people went up to Jerusalem 6  from the rural areas before the Passover to cleanse themselves ritually. 7 

1 tn Grk “walked.”

2 tn Or “openly.”

3 tn Grk “among the Jews.” Here the phrase refers to the residents of Judea in general, who would be likely to report Jesus to the religious authorities. The vicinity around Jerusalem was no longer safe for Jesus and his disciples. On the translation “Judeans” cf. BDAG 479 s.v. ᾿Ιουδαῖος 2.e. See also the references in vv. 8, 19, 31, 33, 36, and 45.

4 tn There is no certain identification of the location to which Jesus withdrew in response to the decision of the Jewish authorities. Many have suggested the present town of Et-Taiyibeh, identified with ancient Ophrah (Josh 18:23) or Ephron (Josh 15:9). If so, this would be 12-15 mi (19-24 km) northeast of Jerusalem.

5 tn Grk “the Passover of the Jews.” This is the final Passover of Jesus’ ministry. The author is now on the eve of the week of the Passion. Some time prior to the feast itself, Jerusalem would be crowded with pilgrims from the surrounding districts (ἐκ τῆς χώρας, ek th" cwra") who had come to purify themselves ceremonially before the feast.

6 map For location see Map5 B1; Map6 F3; Map7 E2; Map8 F2; Map10 B3; JP1 F4; JP2 F4; JP3 F4; JP4 F4.

7 tn Or “to purify themselves” (to undergo or carry out ceremonial cleansing before participating in the Passover celebration).



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