10:4 When he has brought all his own sheep 1 out, he goes ahead of them, and the sheep follow him because they recognize 2 his voice.
10:8 All who came before me were 3 thieves and robbers, but the sheep did not listen to them. 4
10:16 I have 5 other sheep that do not come from 6 this sheepfold. 7 I must bring them too, and they will listen to my voice, 8 so that 9 there will be one flock and 10 one shepherd.
1 tn The word “sheep” is not in the Greek text, but is implied.
2 tn Grk “because they know.”
3 tn Grk “are” (present tense).
4 tn Or “the sheep did not hear them.”
5 tn Grk “And I have.” Because of the difference between Greek style, which often begins sentences or clauses with “and,” and English style, which generally does not, καί (kai) has not been translated here.
6 tn Or “that do not belong to”; Grk “that are not of.”
7 sn The statement I have other sheep that do not come from this sheepfold almost certainly refers to Gentiles. Jesus has sheep in the fold who are Jewish; there are other sheep which, while not of the same fold, belong to him also. This recalls the mission of the Son in 3:16-17, which was to save the world – not just the nation of Israel. Such an emphasis would be particularly appropriate to the author if he were writing to a non-Palestinian and primarily non-Jewish audience.
8 tn Grk “they will hear my voice.”
9 tn Grk “voice, and.”
10 tn The word “and” is not in the Greek text, but must be supplied to conform to English style. In Greek it is an instance of asyndeton (omission of a connective), usually somewhat emphatic.