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John 10:18

Context
10:18 No one takes it away from me, but I lay it down 1  of my own free will. 2  I have the authority 3  to lay it down, and I have the authority 4  to take it back again. This commandment 5  I received from my Father.”

John 10:30

Context
10:30 The Father and I 6  are one.” 7 

1 tn Or “give it up.”

2 tn Or “of my own accord.” “Of my own free will” is given by BDAG 321 s.v. ἐμαυτοῦ c.

3 tn Or “I have the right.”

4 tn Or “I have the right.”

5 tn Or “order.”

6 tn Grk “I and the Father.” The order has been reversed to reflect English style.

7 tn The phrase ἕν ἐσμεν ({en esmen) is a significant assertion with trinitarian implications. ἕν is neuter, not masculine, so the assertion is not that Jesus and the Father are one person, but one “thing.” Identity of the two persons is not what is asserted, but essential unity (unity of essence).



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