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John 10:11

Context

10:11 “I am the good 1  shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life 2  for the sheep.

John 10:17

Context
10:17 This is why the Father loves me 3  – because I lay down my life, 4  so that I may take it back again.

1 tn Or “model” (see R. E. Brown, John [AB], 1:386, who argues that “model” is a more exact translation of καλός [kalos] here).

2 tn Or “The good shepherd dies willingly.”

sn Jesus speaks openly of his vicarious death twice in this section (John 10:11, 15). Note the contrast: The thief takes the life of the sheep (10:10), the good shepherd lays down his own life for the sheep. Jesus is not speaking generally here, but specifically: He has his own substitutionary death on the cross in view. For a literal shepherd with a literal flock, the shepherd’s death would have spelled disaster for the sheep; in this instance it spells life for them (Compare the worthless shepherd of Zech 11:17, by contrast).

3 tn Grk “Because of this the Father loves me.”

4 tn Or “die willingly.”



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