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Joel 1:10-12

Context

1:10 The crops of the fields 1  have been destroyed. 2 

The ground is in mourning because the grain has perished.

The fresh wine has dried up;

the olive oil languishes.

1:11 Be distressed, 3  farmers;

wail, vinedressers, over the wheat and the barley.

For the harvest of the field has perished.

1:12 The vine has dried up;

the fig tree languishes –

the pomegranate, date, and apple 4  as well.

In fact, 5  all the trees of the field have dried up.

Indeed, the joy of the people 6  has dried up!

1 tn Heb “the field has been utterly destroyed.” The term “field,” a collective singular for “fields,” is a metonymy for crops produced by the fields.

2 tn Joel uses intentionally alliterative language in the phrases שֻׁדַּד שָׂדֶה (shuddad sadeh, “the field is destroyed”) and אֲבְלָה אֲדָמָה (’avlahadamah, “the ground is in mourning”).

3 tn Heb “embarrassed”; or “be ashamed.”

4 tn This Hebrew word וְתַפּוּחַ (vÿtappuakh) probably refers to the apple tree (so most English versions), but other suggestions that scholars have offered include the apricot, citron, or quince.

5 tn These words are not in the Hebrew text but are supplied in the translation for clarity.

6 tn Heb “the sons of man.”



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