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Job 39:13-18

Context

39:13 1 “The wings of the ostrich 2  flap with joy, 3 

but are they the pinions and plumage of a stork? 4 

39:14 For she leaves 5  her eggs on the ground,

and lets them be warmed on the soil.

39:15 She forgets that a foot might crush them,

or that a wild animal 6  might trample them.

39:16 She is harsh 7  with her young,

as if they were not hers;

she is unconcerned

about the uselessness of her labor.

39:17 For God deprived her of wisdom,

and did not impart understanding to her.

39:18 But as soon as she springs up, 8 

she laughs at the horse and its rider.

Job 39:26-30

Context

39:26 “Is it by your understanding that the hawk soars, 9 

and spreads its wings toward the south?

39:27 Is it at your command 10  that the eagle soars,

and builds its nest on high?

39:28 It lives on a rock and spends the night there,

on a rocky crag 11  and a fortress. 12 

39:29 From there it spots 13  its prey, 14 

its eyes gaze intently from a distance.

39:30 And its young ones devour the blood,

and where the dead carcasses 15  are,

there it is.”

1 tc This whole section on the ostrich is not included in the LXX. Many feel it is an interpolation and should therefore be deleted. The pattern of the chapter changes from the questions being asked to observations being made.

2 tn The word occurs only here and means “shrill cries.” If the MT is correct, this is a poetic name for the ostrich (see Lam 4:3).

3 tn Many proposals have been made here. The MT has a verb, “exult.” Strahan had “flap joyously,” a rendering followed by the NIV. The RSV uses “wave proudly.”

4 tn The point of this statement would be that the ostrich cannot compare to the stork. But there are many other proposals for this line – just about every commentator has a different explanation for it. Of the three words here, the first means “pinion,” the third “plumage,” and the second probably “stork,” although the LXX has “heron.” The point of this whole section is that the ostrich is totally lacking in parental care, whereas the stork is characterized by it. The Hebrew word for “stork” is the same word for “love”: חֲסִידָה (khasidah), an interpretation followed by the NASB. The most likely reading is “or are they the pinions and plumage of the stork?” The ostrich may flap about, but cannot fly and does not care for its young.

5 tn The meaning may have the connotation of “lays; places,” rather than simply abandoning (see M. Dahood, “The Root ’zb II in Job,” JBL 78 [1959]: 307f.).

6 tn Heb “an animal of the field.”

7 sn This verb, “to deal harshly; to harden; to treat cruelly,” is used for hardening the heart elsewhere (see Isa 63:17).

8 tn The colon poses a slight problem here. The literal meaning of the Hebrew verb translated “springs up” (i.e., “lifts herself on high”) might suggest flight. But some of the proposals involve a reading about readying herself to run.

9 tn This word occurs only here. It is connected to “pinions” in v. 13. Dhorme suggests “clad with feathers,” but the line suggests more the use of the wings.

10 tn Heb “your mouth.”

11 tn Heb “upon the tooth of a rock.”

12 tn The word could be taken as the predicate, but because of the conjunction it seems to be adding another description of the place of its nest.

13 tn The word means “search,” but can be used for a wide range of matters, including spying.

14 tn Heb “food.”

15 tn The word חֲלָלִים (khalalim) designates someone who is fatally wounded, literally the “pierced one,” meaning anyone or thing that dies a violent death.



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