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Job 36:7-9

Context

36:7 He does not take his eyes 1  off the righteous;

but with kings on the throne

he seats the righteous 2  and exalts them forever. 3 

36:8 But if they are bound in chains, 4 

and held captive by the cords of affliction,

36:9 then he reveals 5  to them what they have done, 6 

and their transgressions,

that they were behaving proudly.

Job 36:17-18

Context

36:17 But now you are preoccupied with the judgment due the wicked,

judgment and justice take hold of you.

36:18 Be careful that 7  no one entices you with riches;

do not let a large bribe 8  turn you aside.

1 tc Many commentators accept the change of “his eyes” to “his right” (reading דִּינוֹ [dino] for עֵינָיו [’enayv]). There is no compelling reason for the change; it makes the line commonplace.

2 tn Heb “them”; the referent (the righteous) has been repeated from the first part of the verse for clarity.

3 tn Heb “he seats them forever and exalts them.” The last verb can be understood as expressing a logical consequence of the preceding action (cf. GKC 328 §111.l = “he seats them forever so that he exalts them”). Or the two verbs can be taken as an adverbial hendiadys whereby the first modifies the second adverbially: “he exalts them by seating them forever” or “when he seats them forever” (cf. GKC 326 §111.d). Some interpret this verse to say that God seats kings on the throne, making a change in subject in the middle of the verse. But it makes better sense to see the righteous as the subject matter throughout – they are not only protected, but are exalted.

4 tn Dhorme thinks that the verse is still talking about kings, who may be in captivity. But this diverts attention from Elihu’s emphasis on the righteous.

5 tn The verb נָגַד (nagad) means “to declare; to tell.” Here it is clear that God is making known the sins that caused the enslavement or captivity, so “reveal” makes a good interpretive translation.

6 tn Heb “their work.”

7 tn The first expression is idiomatic: the text says, “because wrath lest it entice you” – thus, beware.

8 tn The word is כֹּפֶר (kofer), often translated “ransom,” but frequently in the sense of a bribe.



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