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Job 15:20

Context

15:20 All his days 1  the wicked man suffers torment, 2 

throughout the number of the years

that 3  are stored up for the tyrant. 4 

Job 27:13

Context

27:13 This is the portion of the wicked man

allotted by God, 5 

the inheritance that evildoers receive

from the Almighty.

1 tn Heb “all the days of the wicked, he suffers.” The word “all” is an adverbial accusative of time, stating along with its genitives (“of the days of a wicked man”) how long the individual suffers. When the subject is composed of a noun in construct followed by a genitive, the predicate sometimes agrees with the genitive (see GKC 467 §146.a).

2 tn The Hebrew term מִתְחוֹלֵל (mitkholel) is a Hitpolel participle from חִיל (khil, “to tremble”). It carries the idea of “torment oneself,” or “be tormented.” Some have changed the letter ח (khet) for a letter ה (he), and obtained the meaning “shows himself mad.” Theodotion has “is mad.” Syriac (“behave arrogantly,” apparently confusing Hebrew חול with חלל; Heidi M. Szpek, Translation Technique in the Peshitta to Job [SBLDS], 277), Symmachus, and Vulgate have “boasts himself.” But the reading of the MT is preferable.

3 tn It is necessary, with Rashi, to understand the relative pronoun before the verb “they are stored up/reserved.”

4 tn This has been translated with the idea of “oppressor” in Job 6:23; 27:13.

5 tn The expression “allotted by God” interprets the simple prepositional phrase in the text: “with/from God.”



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