11:2 “Should not this 1 abundance of words be answered, 2
or should this 3 talkative man 4
be vindicated? 5
13:18 See now, 6 I have prepared 7 my 8 case; 9
I know that I am right. 10
33:12 Now in this, you are not right – I answer you, 11
for God is greater than a human being. 12
40:8 Would you indeed annul 13 my justice?
Would you declare me guilty so that you might be right?
1 tc The LXX, Targum Job, Symmachus, and Vulgate all assume that the vocalization of רֹב (rov, “abundance”) should be רַב (rav, “great”): “great of words.” This would then mean “one who is abundant of words,” meaning, “a man of many words,” and make a closer parallel to the second half. But the MT makes good sense as it stands.
tn There is no article or demonstrative with the word; it has been added here simply to make a smoother connection between the chapters.
2 tn The Niphal verb יֵעָנֶה (ye’aneh, “he answered”) would normally require a personal subject, but “abundance” functions as the subject in this sentence. The nuance of the imperfect is obligatory.
3 tn The word is supplied here also for clarification.
4 tn The bound construction “man of lips” means “a boaster” or “proud talker” (attributive genitive; and see GKC 417 §128.t). Zophar is saying that Job pours out this stream of words, but he is still not right.
5 tn The word is literally “be right, righteous.” The idea of being right has appeared before for this word (cf. 9:15). The point here is that just because Job talks a lot does not mean he is right or will be shown to be right through it all.
6 tn The particle הִנֵּה (hinneh) functions almost as an imperative here, calling attention to what follows: “look” (archaic: behold).
7 tn The verb עָרַךְ (’arakh) means “to set in order, set in array [as a battle], prepare” in the sense here of arrange and organize a lawsuit.
8 tn The pronoun is added because this is what the verse means.
9 tn The word מִשְׁפָּט (mishpat) usually means “judgment; decision.” Here it means “lawsuit” (and so a metonymy of effect gave rise to this usage; see Num 27:5; 2 Sam 15:4).
10 tn The pronoun is emphatic before the verb: “I know that it is I who am right.” The verb means “to be right; to be righteous.” Some have translated it “vindicated,” looking at the outcome of the suit.
11 tn The meaning of this verb is “this is my answer to you.”
12 tc The LXX has “he that is above men is eternal.” Elihu is saying that God is far above Job’s petty problems.
13 tn The verb פָּרַר (parar) means “to annul; to break; to frustrate.” It was one thing for Job to claim his own integrity, but it was another matter altogether to nullify God’s righteousness in the process.