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Job 11:20


11:20 But the eyes of the wicked fail, 1 

and escape 2  eludes them;

their one hope 3  is to breathe their last.” 4 

Job 17:5


17:5 If a man denounces his friends for personal gain, 5 

the eyes of his children will fail.

1 tn The verb כָּלָה (kalah) means “to fail, cease, fade away.” The fading of the eyes, i.e., loss of sight, loss of life’s vitality, indicates imminent death.

2 tn Heb a “place of escape” (with this noun pattern). There is no place to escape to because they all perish.

3 tn The word is to be interpreted as a metonymy; it represents what is hoped for.

4 tn Heb “the breathing out of the soul”; cf. KJV, ASV “the giving up of the ghost.” The line is simply saying that the brightest hope that the wicked have is death.

5 tn Heb “for a portion.” This verse is rather obscure. The words are not that difficult, but the sense of them in this context is. Some take the idea to mean “he denounces his friends for a portion,” and others have a totally different idea of “he invites his friends to share with him.” The former fits the context better, indicating that Job’s friends speak out against him for some personal gain. The second half of the verse then promises that his children will suffer loss for this attempt at gain. The line is surely proverbial. A number of other interpretations can be found in the commentaries.

TIP #08: Use the Strong Number links to learn about the original Hebrew and Greek text. [ALL]
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