50:17 “The people of Israel are like scattered sheep
which lions have chased away.
First the king of Assyria devoured them. 1
Now last of all King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon has gnawed their bones. 2
‘I will punish the king of Babylon and his land
just as I punished the king of Assyria.
1 sn The king of Assyria devoured them. This refers to the devastation wrought on northern Israel by the kings of Assyria beginning in 738
2 tn The verb used here only occurs this one time in the Hebrew Bible. It is a denominative from the Hebrew word for “bones” (עֶצֶם, ’etsem). BDB 1126 s.v. עֶָצַם, denom Pi, define it as “break his bones.” HALOT 822 s.v. II עָצַם Pi defines it as “gnaw on his bones.”
sn If the prophecies which are referred to in Jer 51:59-64 refer to all that is contained in Jer 50–51 (as some believe), this would have referred to the disasters of 605
3 tn Heb “Therefore thus says Yahweh of armies, the God of Israel.” The first person is again adopted because the