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Jeremiah 50:11


50:11 “People of Babylonia, 1  you plundered my people. 2 

That made you happy and glad.

You frolic about like calves in a pasture. 3 

Your joyous sounds are like the neighs of a stallion. 4 

Jeremiah 50:27


50:27 Kill all her soldiers! 5 

Let them be slaughtered! 6 

They are doomed, 7  for their day of reckoning 8  has come,

the time for them to be punished.”

1 tn The words “People of Babylonia” are not in the text but they are implicit in the reference in the next verse to “your mother” which refers to the city and the land as the mother of its people. These words have been supplied in the translation to identify the referent of “you” and have been added for clarity.

2 tn Or “my land.” The word can refer to either the land (Jer 2:7, 16:8) or the nation/people (Jer 12:7, 8, 9).

3 tc Reading כְּעֶגְלֵי דֶשֶׁא (kÿegle deshe’) or כְּעֵגֶל בַּדֶּשֶׁא (kÿegel baddeshe’) as presupposed by the Greek and Latin versions (cf. BHS note d-d) in place of the reading in the Hebrew text כְּעֶגְלָה דָשָׁה (kÿeglah dashah, “like a heifer treading out the grain”) which does not fit the verb (פּוּשׁ [push] = “spring about” [BDB 807 s.v. I פּוּשׁ] or “paw the ground” [KBL 756 s.v. פּוּשׁ] and compare Mal 3:20 for usage). This variant reading is also accepted by J. Bright, J. A. Thompson, F. B. Huey, and G. L. Keown, P. J. Scalise, T. G. Smothers.

4 tn Heb “Though you rejoice, though you exult, you who have plundered my heritage, though you frolic like calves in a pasture and neigh like stallions, your mother…” The particle כִּי (ki) introduces a concessive protasis according to BDB 473 s.v. כִּי 2.c(a). Many interpret the particle as introducing the grounds for the next verse, i.e., “because…” The translation here will reflect the concessive by beginning the next verse with “But.” The long protasis has been broken up and restructured to better conform with contemporary English style.

5 tn Heb “Kill all her young bulls.” Commentators are almost universally agreed that the reference to “young bulls” is figurative here for the princes and warriors (cf. BDB 831 s.v. פַּר 2.f, which compares Isa 34:7 and Ezek 39:18). This is virtually certain because of the reference to the time coming for them to be punished; this would scarcely fit literal bulls. For the verb rendered “kill” here see the translator’s note on v. 21.

6 tn Heb “Let them go down to the slaughter.”

7 tn Or “How terrible it will be for them”; Heb “Woe to them.” See the study note on 22:13 and compare the usage in 23:1; 48:1.

8 tn The words “of reckoning” are not in the text but are implicit from the context. They are supplied in the translation for clarity.

TIP #08: Use the Strong Number links to learn about the original Hebrew and Greek text. [ALL]
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