4:4 Just as ritual circumcision cuts away the foreskin
as an external symbol of dedicated covenant commitment,
you must genuinely dedicate yourselves to the Lord
and get rid of everything that hinders your commitment to me, 1
people of Judah and inhabitants of Jerusalem.
If you do not, 2 my anger will blaze up like a flaming fire against you
that no one will be able to extinguish.
That will happen because of the evil you have done.”
The Lord says:
Deliver those who have been robbed from those 6 who oppress them.
Otherwise, my wrath will blaze out against you.
It will burn like a fire that cannot be put out
because of the evil that you have done. 7
23:2 So the Lord God of Israel has this to say about the leaders who are ruling over his people: “You have caused my people 8 to be dispersed and driven into exile. You have not taken care of them. So I will punish you for the evil that you have done. 9 I, the Lord, affirm it! 10
they would have proclaimed my message to my people.
They would have caused my people to turn from their wicked ways
and stop doing the evil things they are doing.
25:5 He said through them, 12 ‘Each of you must turn from your wicked ways and stop doing the evil things you are doing. 13 If you do, I will allow you to continue to live here in the land that I gave to you and your ancestors as a lasting possession. 14
26:3 Maybe they will pay attention and each of them will stop living the evil way they do. 15 If they do that, then I will forgo destroying them 16 as I had intended to do because of the wicked things they have been doing. 17
44:22 Finally the Lord could no longer endure your wicked deeds and the disgusting things you did. That is why your land has become the desolate, uninhabited ruin that it is today. That is why it has become a proverbial example used in curses. 18
1 tn Heb “Circumcise yourselves to the
2 tn Heb “lest.”
5 sn The kings of Israel and Judah were responsible for justice. See Pss 122:5. The king himself was the final court of appeals judging from the incident of David with the wise woman of Tekoa (2 Sam 14), Solomon and the two prostitutes (1 Kgs 3:16-28), and Absalom’s attempts to win the hearts of the people of Israel by interfering with due process (2 Sam 15:2-4). How the system was designed to operate may be seen from 2 Chr 19:4-11.
6 tn Heb “from the hand [or power] of.”
7 tn Heb “Lest my wrath go out like fire and burn with no one to put it out because of the evil of your deeds.”
8 tn Heb “about the shepherds who are shepherding my people. ‘You have caused my sheep….’” For the metaphor see the study note on the previous verse.
9 tn Heb “Therefore, thus says the
10 tn Heb “Oracle of the
12 tn Heb “saying.” The infinitive goes back to “he sent”; i.e., “he sent, saying.”
15 tn Heb “will turn from his wicked way.”
17 tn Heb “because of the wickedness of their deeds.”
18 tn Heb “And/Then the