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Jeremiah 46:11

Context

46:11 Go up to Gilead and get medicinal ointment, 1 

you dear poor people of Egypt. 2 

But it will prove useless no matter how much medicine you use; 3 

there will be no healing for you.

Jeremiah 46:19

Context

46:19 Pack your bags for exile,

you inhabitants of poor dear Egypt. 4 

For Memphis will be laid waste.

It will lie in ruins 5  and be uninhabited.

1 tn Heb “balm.” See 8:22 and the notes on this phrase there.

2 sn Heb “Virgin Daughter of Egypt.” See the study note on Jer 14:17 for the significance of the use of this figure. The use of the figure here perhaps refers to the fact that Egypt’s geographical isolation allowed her safety and protection that a virgin living at home would enjoy under her father’s protection (so F. B. Huey, Jeremiah, Lamentations [NAC], 379). By her involvement in the politics of Palestine she had forfeited that safety and protection and was now suffering for it.

3 tn Heb “In vain you multiply [= make use of many] medicines.”

4 tn Heb “inhabitants of daughter Egypt.” Like the phrase “daughter Zion,” “daughter Egypt” is a poetic personification of the land, here perhaps to stress the idea of defenselessness.

5 tn For the verb here see HALOT 675 s.v. II נָצָה Nif and compare the usage in Jer 4:7; 9:11 and 2 Kgs 19:25. BDB derives the verb from יָצַת (so BDB 428 s.v. יָצַת Niph meaning “kindle, burn”) but still give it the meaning “desolate” here and in 2:15 and 9:11.



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