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Jeremiah 37:10

Context
37:10 For even if you were to defeat all the Babylonian forces 1  fighting against you so badly that only wounded men were left lying in their tents, they would get up and burn this city down.”’” 2 

Jeremiah 51:4

Context

51:4 Let them fall 3  slain in the land of Babylonia, 4 

mortally wounded in the streets of her cities. 5 

1 tn Heb “all the army of the Chaldeans.” For the rendering “Babylonian” in place of Chaldean see the study note on 21:4.

2 tn The length and complexity of this English sentence violates the more simple style that has been used to conform such sentences to contemporary English style. However, there does not seem to be any alternative that would enable a simpler style and still retain the causal and conditional connections that give this sentence the rhetorical force that it has in the original. The condition is, of course, purely hypothetical and the consequence a poetic exaggeration. The intent is to assure Zedekiah that there is absolutely no hope of the city being spared.

3 tn The majority of English versions and the commentaries understand the vav (ו) consecutive + perfect as a future here “They will fall.” However, it makes better sense in the light of the commands in the previous verse to understand this as an indirect third person command (= a jussive; see GKC 333 §112.q, r) as REB and NJPS do.

4 tn Heb “the land of the Chaldeans.” See the study note on 21:4 for explanation.

5 tn The words “cities” is not in the text. The text merely says “in her streets” but the antecedent is “land” and must then refer to the streets of the cities in the land.



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