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Jeremiah 2:15


2:15 Like lions his enemies roar victoriously over him;

they raise their voices in triumph. 1 

They have laid his land waste;

his cities have been burned down and deserted. 2 

Jeremiah 4:17


4:17 They will surround Jerusalem 3 

like men guarding a field 4 

because they have rebelled against me,”

says the Lord.

1 tn Heb “Lions shout over him, they give out [raise] their voices.”

sn The reference to lions is here a metaphor for the Assyrians (and later the Babylonians, see Jer 50:17). The statement about lions roaring over their prey implies that the prey has been vanquished.

2 tn Heb “without inhabitant.”

3 tn Heb “will surround her.” The antecedent is Jerusalem in the preceding verse. The referent is again made explicit in the translation to avoid any possible lack of clarity. The verb form here is a form of the verb that emphasizes the fact as being as good as done (i.e., it is a prophetic perfect).

4 sn There is some irony involved in the choice of the simile since the men guarding a field were there to keep thieves from getting in and stealing the crops. Here the besiegers are guarding the city to keep people from getting out.

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