29:10 “For the Lord says, ‘Only when the seventy years of Babylonian rule 1 are over will I again take up consideration for you. 2 Then I will fulfill my gracious promise to you and restore 3 you to your homeland. 4
25:11 This whole area 5 will become a desolate wasteland. These nations will be subject to the king of Babylon for seventy years.’ 6
25:12 “‘But when the seventy years are over, I will punish the king of Babylon and his nation 7 for their sins. I will make the land of Babylon 8 an everlasting ruin. 9 I, the Lord, affirm it! 10 25:13 I will bring on that land everything that I said I would. I will bring on it everything that is written in this book. I will bring on it everything that Jeremiah has prophesied against all the nations. 11 25:14 For many nations and great kings will make slaves of the king of Babylon and his nation 12 too. I will repay them for all they have done!’” 13
3 tn Verse 10 is all one long sentence in the Hebrew original: “According to the fullness of Babylon seventy years I will take thought of you and I will establish my gracious word to you by bringing you back to this place.” The sentence has been broken up to conform better to contemporary English style.
sn See Jer 27:22 for this promise.
5 tn Heb “All this land.”
6 sn It should be noted that the text says that the nations will be subject to the king of Babylon for seventy years, not that they will lie desolate for seventy years. Though several proposals have been made for dating this period, many ignore this fact. This most likely refers to the period beginning with Nebuchadnezzar’s defeat of Pharaoh Necho at Carchemish in 605
7 tn Heb “that nation.”
9 tn Heb “I will visit upon the king of Babylon and upon that nation, oracle of the
10 tn Heb “Oracle of the
11 tn Or “I will bring upon it everything that is to be written in this book. I will bring upon it everything that Jeremiah is going to prophesy concerning all the nations.” The reference to “this book” and “what Jeremiah has prophesied against the nations” raises issues about the editorial process underlying the current form of the book of Jeremiah. As the book now stands there is no earlier reference to any judgments against Babylon or any book (really “scroll”; books were a development of the first or second century
12 tn Heb “make slaves of them.” The verb form here indicates that the action is as good as done (the Hebrew prophetic perfect). For the use of the verb rendered “makes slaves” see parallel usage in Lev 25:39, 46 (cf. BDB 713 s.v. עָבַד 3).
13 tn Heb “according to their deeds and according to the work of their hands.” The two phrases are synonymous; it would be hard to represent them both in translation without being redundant. The translation attempts to represent them by the qualifier “all” before the first phrase.