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Jeremiah 27:8

Context
27:8 But suppose a nation or a kingdom will not be subject to King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon. Suppose it will not submit to the yoke of servitude to 1  him. I, the Lord, affirm that 2  I will punish that nation. I will use the king of Babylon to punish it 3  with war, 4  starvation, and disease until I have destroyed it. 5 

Jeremiah 27:12

Context

27:12 I told King Zedekiah of Judah the same thing. I said, 6  “Submit 7  to the yoke of servitude to 8  the king of Babylon. Be subject to him and his people. Then you will continue to live.

Jeremiah 28:2

Context
28:2 “The Lord God of Israel who rules over all 9  says, ‘I will break the yoke of servitude 10  to the king of Babylon.

Jeremiah 28:4

Context
28:4 I will also bring back to this place Jehoiakim’s son King Jeconiah of Judah and all the exiles who were taken to Babylon.’ Indeed, the Lord affirms, 11  ‘I will break the yoke of servitude to the king of Babylon.’”

Jeremiah 28:11

Context
28:11 Then he spoke up in the presence of all the people. “The Lord says, ‘In the same way I will break the yoke of servitude of all the nations to King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon 12  before two years are over.’” After he heard this, the prophet Jeremiah departed and went on his way. 13 

1 tn Heb “put their necks in the yoke of.” See the study note on v. 2 for the figure.

2 tn Heb “oracle of the Lord.”

3 tn Heb “The nation and/or the kingdom which will not serve him, Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, and which will not put its neck in the yoke of the king of Babylon, by sword, starvation, and disease I will punish [or more literally, “visit upon”] that nation, oracle of the Lord.” The long complex Hebrew sentence has been broken up in conformity with contemporary English style and the figures interpreted for the sake of clarity. The particle אֵת, the sign of the accusative, before “which will not put…” is a little unusual here. For its use to introduce a new topic (here a second relative clause) see BDB 85 s.v. אֵת 3.α.

4 tn Heb “with/by the sword.”

5 tc The verb translated “destroy” (תָּמַם, tamam) is usually intransitive in the stem of the verb used here. It is found in a transitive sense elsewhere only in Ps 64:7. BDB 1070 s.v. תָּמַם 7 emends both texts. In this case they recommend תִּתִּי (titi): “until I give them into his hand.” That reading is suggested by the texts of the Syriac and Targumic translations (see BHS fn c). The Greek translation supports reading the verb “destroy” but treats it as though it were intransitive “until they are destroyed by his hand” (reading תֻּמָּם [tummam]). The MT here is accepted as the more difficult reading and support is seen in the transitive use of the verb in Ps 64:7.

tn Heb “I will punish that nation until I have destroyed them [i.e., its people] by his hand.” “Hand” here refers to agency. Hence, “I will use him.”

6 tn Heb “I spoke to Zedekiah…according to all these words, saying.”

7 sn The verbs in this verse are all plural. They are addressed to Zedekiah and his royal advisers (compare 22:2).

8 tn Heb “put their necks in the yoke of.” See the study note on v. 2 for the figure.

9 tn Heb “Yahweh of armies, the God of Israel.” See the study notes on 2:19 and 7:3 for the explanation of this title.

10 sn See the study note on 27:2 for this figure. Hananiah is given the same title “the prophet” as Jeremiah throughout the chapter and claims to speak with the same authority (compare v. 2a with 27:21a). He even speaks like the true prophet; the verb form “I will break” is in the “prophetic perfect” emphasizing certitude. His message here is a contradiction of Jeremiah’s message recorded in the preceding chapter (compare especially v. 3 with 27:16, 19-22 and v. 4 with 22:24-28). The people and the priests are thus confronted with a choice of whom to believe. Who is the “true” prophet and who is the “false” one? Only fulfillment of their prophecies will prove which is which (see Deut 18:21-22).

11 tn Heb “Oracle of the Lord.”

sn Notice again that the “false” prophet uses the same formula and claims the same source for his message as the true prophet has (cf. 27:22).

12 tn Heb “I will break the yoke of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon from upon the necks of all the nations.”

13 tn Heb “Then the prophet Jeremiah went his way.”



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