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Jeremiah 27:12

Context

27:12 I told King Zedekiah of Judah the same thing. I said, 1  “Submit 2  to the yoke of servitude to 3  the king of Babylon. Be subject to him and his people. Then you will continue to live.

Jeremiah 21:8-10

Context

21:8 “But 4  tell the people of Jerusalem 5  that the Lord says, ‘I will give you a choice between two courses of action. One will result in life; the other will result in death. 6  21:9 Those who stay in this city will die in battle or of starvation or disease. Those who leave the city and surrender to the Babylonians who are besieging it will live. They will escape with their lives. 7  21:10 For I, the Lord, say that 8  I am determined not to deliver this city but to bring disaster on it. 9  It will be handed over to the king of Babylon and he will destroy it with fire.’” 10 

1 tn Heb “I spoke to Zedekiah…according to all these words, saying.”

2 sn The verbs in this verse are all plural. They are addressed to Zedekiah and his royal advisers (compare 22:2).

3 tn Heb “put their necks in the yoke of.” See the study note on v. 2 for the figure.

4 tn Heb “And/But unto this people you shall say…” “But” is suggested here by the unusual word order which offsets what they are to say to Zedekiah (v. 3).

5 tn Heb “these people.”

6 tn Heb “Behold I am setting before you the way of life and the way of death.”

7 tn Heb “his life will be to him for spoil.”

sn Spoil was what was carried off by the victor (see, e.g., Judg 5:30). Those who surrendered to the Babylonians would lose their property, their freedom, and their citizenship but would at least escape with their lives. Jeremiah was branded a traitor for this counsel (cf. 38:4) but it was the way of wisdom since the Lord was firmly determined to destroy the city (cf. v. 10).

8 tn Heb “oracle of the Lord.”

9 tn Heb “I have set my face against this city for evil [i.e., disaster] and not for good [i.e., well-being].” For the use of the idiom “set one’s face against/toward” see, e.g., usage in 1 Kgs 2:15; 2 Kgs 2:17; Jer 42:15, 17 and note the interesting interplay of usage in Jer 44:11-12.

10 tn Heb “he will burn it with fire.”



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