25:12 “‘But when the seventy years are over, I will punish the king of Babylon and his nation 3 for their sins. I will make the land of Babylon 4 an everlasting ruin. 5 I, the Lord, affirm it! 6
1 tn Heb “All this land.”
2 sn It should be noted that the text says that the nations will be subject to the king of Babylon for seventy years, not that they will lie desolate for seventy years. Though several proposals have been made for dating this period, many ignore this fact. This most likely refers to the period beginning with Nebuchadnezzar’s defeat of Pharaoh Necho at Carchemish in 605
3 tn Heb “that nation.”
4 tn Heb “the land of the Chaldeans.” See the study note on 21:4 for the use of the term “Chaldeans.”
5 tn Heb “I will visit upon the king of Babylon and upon that nation, oracle of the
sn Compare Isa 13:19-22 and Jer 50:39-40.
6 tn Heb “Oracle of the