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Jeremiah 25:11-12

Context
25:11 This whole area 1  will become a desolate wasteland. These nations will be subject to the king of Babylon for seventy years.’ 2 

25:12 “‘But when the seventy years are over, I will punish the king of Babylon and his nation 3  for their sins. I will make the land of Babylon 4  an everlasting ruin. 5  I, the Lord, affirm it! 6 

1 tn Heb “All this land.”

2 sn It should be noted that the text says that the nations will be subject to the king of Babylon for seventy years, not that they will lie desolate for seventy years. Though several proposals have been made for dating this period, many ignore this fact. This most likely refers to the period beginning with Nebuchadnezzar’s defeat of Pharaoh Necho at Carchemish in 605 b.c. and the beginning of his rule over Babylon. At this time Babylon became the dominant force in the area and continued to be so until the fall of Babylon in 538 b.c. More particularly Judah became a vassal state (cf. Jer 46:2; 2 Kgs 24:1) in 605 b.c. and was allowed to return to her homeland in 538 when Cyrus issued his edict allowing all the nations exiled by Babylon to return to their homelands. (See 2 Chr 36:21 and Ezra 1:2-4; the application there is made to Judah but the decree of Cyrus was broader.)

3 tn Heb “that nation.”

4 tn Heb “the land of the Chaldeans.” See the study note on 21:4 for the use of the term “Chaldeans.”

5 tn Heb “I will visit upon the king of Babylon and upon that nation, oracle of the Lord, their iniquity even upon the land of the Chaldeans and I will make it everlasting ruins.” The sentence has been restructured to avoid ambiguity and to conform the style more to contemporary English.

sn Compare Isa 13:19-22 and Jer 50:39-40.

6 tn Heb “Oracle of the Lord.”



TIP #08: Use the Strong Number links to learn about the original Hebrew and Greek text. [ALL]
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