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Jeremiah 1:5

Context

1:5 “Before I formed you in your mother’s womb 1  I chose you. 2 

Before you were born I set you apart.

I appointed you to be a prophet to the nations.”

Jeremiah 1:10

Context
1:10 Know for certain that 3  I hereby give you the authority to announce to nations and kingdoms that they will be 4  uprooted and torn down, destroyed and demolished, rebuilt and firmly planted.” 5 

1 tn Heb “the womb.” The words “your mother’s” are implicit and are supplied in the translation for clarity.

2 tn Heb “I knew you.” The parallelism here with “set you apart” and “appointed you” make clear that Jeremiah is speaking of his foreordination to be a prophet. For this same nuance of the Hebrew verb see Gen 18:19; Amos 3:2.

3 tn Heb “See!” The Hebrew imperative of the verb used here (רָאָה, raah) functions the same as the particle in v. 9. See the translator’s note there.

4 tn Heb “I appoint you today over nations and kingdoms to uproot….” The phrase refers to the Lord giving Jeremiah authority as a prophet to declare what he, the Lord, will do; it does not mean that Jeremiah himself will do these things. The expression involves a figure of speech where the subject of a declaration is stated instead of the declaration about it. Compare a similar use of the same figure in Gen 41:13.

5 sn These three pairs represent the twofold nature of Jeremiah’s prophecies, prophecies of judgment and restoration. For the further programmatic use of these pairs for Jeremiah’s ministry see 18:7-10 and 31:27-28.



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