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Jeremiah 1:15

Context
1:15 For I will soon summon all the peoples of the kingdoms of the north,” says the Lord. “They will come and their kings will set up their thrones 1  near the entrances of the gates of Jerusalem. 2  They will attack all the walls surrounding it, and all the towns in Judah. 3 

Jeremiah 25:29

Context
25:29 For take note, I am already beginning to bring disaster on the city that I call my own. 4  So how can you possibly avoid being punished? 5  You will not go unpunished! For I am proclaiming war against all who live on the earth. I, the Lord who rules over all, 6  affirm it!’ 7 

Jeremiah 30:10

Context

30:10 So I, the Lord, tell you not to be afraid,

you descendants of Jacob, my servants. 8 

Do not be terrified, people of Israel.

For I will rescue you and your descendants

from a faraway land where you are captives. 9 

The descendants of Jacob will return to their land and enjoy peace.

They will be secure and no one will terrify them. 10 

Jeremiah 45:5

Context
45:5 Are you looking for great things for yourself? Do not look for such things. For I, the Lord, affirm 11  that I am about to bring disaster on all humanity. 12  But I will allow you to escape with your life 13  wherever you go.”’”

Jeremiah 46:27

Context
A Promise of Hope for Israel

46:27 14 “You descendants of Jacob, my servants, 15  do not be afraid;

do not be terrified, people of Israel.

For I will rescue you and your descendants

from the faraway lands where you are captives. 16 

The descendants of Jacob will return to their land and enjoy peace.

They will be secure and no one will terrify them.

Jeremiah 50:9

Context

50:9 For I will rouse into action and bring against Babylon

a host of mighty nations 17  from the land of the north.

They will set up their battle lines against her.

They will come from the north and capture her. 18 

Their arrows will be like a skilled soldier 19 

who does not return from the battle empty-handed. 20 

1 tn Heb “they will each set up.” The pronoun “they” refers back to the “kingdoms” in the preceding sentence. However, kingdoms do not sit on thrones; their kings do. This is an example of a figure of speech called metonymy where the kingdom is put for its king. For a similar use see 2 Chr 12:8.

2 map For location see Map5 B1; Map6 F3; Map7 E2; Map8 F2; Map10 B3; JP1 F4; JP2 F4; JP3 F4; JP4 F4.

3 tn Or “They will come and set up their thrones in the entrances of the gates of Jerusalem. They will destroy all the walls surrounding it and also destroy all the towns in Judah.” The text of v. 15b reads in Hebrew, “they will each set up his throne [near? in?] the entrance of the gates of Jerusalem and against all its walls…and against all the towns….” Commentators are divided over whether the passage refers to the kings setting up their thrones after victory in preparation for passing judgment on their defeated enemies in the city or whether it refers to setting up siege against it. There is no Hebrew preposition before the word for “the entrance” so that it could be “in” (which would imply victory) or “at/near” (which would imply siege), and the same verb + object (i.e., “they will set up their thrones”) governs all the locative statements. It is most often taken to refer to the aftermath of victory because of the supposed parallel in Jer 43:8-13 and the supposed fulfillment in Jer 39:3. Though this may fit well with the first part of the compound expression, it does not fit well with the latter part which is most naturally taken to refer to hostile attacks against Jerusalem and the other cities of Judah. The translation given in the text is intended to reflect the idea of an army setting up for siege. The alternate translation is intended to reflect the other view.

4 tn Heb “which is called by my name.” See translator’s note on 7:10 for support.

5 tn This is an example of a question without the formal introductory particle following a conjunctive vav introducing an opposition. (See Joüon 2:609 §161.a.) It is also an example of the use of the infinitive before the finite verb in a rhetorical question involving doubt or denial. (See Joüon 2:422-23 §123.f, and compare usage in Gen 37:8.)

6 tn Heb “Yahweh of armies.”

sn See the study notes on 2:19 and 7:3 for explanation of this extended title.

7 tn Heb “Oracle of Yahweh of armies.”

8 tn Heb “So do not be afraid, my servant Jacob, oracle of the Lord.” Here and elsewhere in the verse the terms Jacob and Israel are poetic for the people of Israel descended from the patriarch Jacob. The terms have been supplied throughout with plural referents for greater clarity.

9 tn Heb “For I will rescue you from far away, your descendants from the land of their captivity.”

10 sn Compare the ideals of the Mosaic covenant in Lev 26:6, the Davidic covenant in 2 Sam 7:10-11, and the new covenant in Ezek 34:25-31.

11 tn Heb “oracle of the Lord.”

12 sn Compare Jer 25:31, 33. The reference here to universal judgment also forms a nice transition to the judgments on the nations that follow in Jer 46-51 which may be another reason for the placement of this chapter here, out of its normal chronological order (see also the study note on v. 1).

13 tn Heb “I will give you your life for a spoil.” For this idiom see the translator’s note on 21:9 and compare the usage in 21:9; 38:2; 39:18.

14 sn Jer 46:27-28 are virtually the same as 30:10-11. The verses are more closely related to that context than to this. But the presence of a note of future hope for the Egyptians may have led to a note of encouragement also to the Judeans who were under threat of judgment at the same time (cf. the study notes on 46:2, 13 and 25:1-2 for the possible relative dating of these prophecies).

15 tn Heb “And/But you do not be afraid, my servant Jacob.” Here and elsewhere in the verse the terms Jacob and Israel are poetic for the people of Israel descended from the patriarch Jacob. The terms have been supplied throughout with plural referents for greater clarity.

16 tn Heb “For I will rescue you from far away, your descendants from the land of their captivity.”

17 sn Some of these are named in Jer 51:27-28.

18 tn Heb “She will be captured from there (i.e., from the north).”

19 tc Read Heb ַָמשְׂכִּיל (moskil) with a number of Hebrew mss and some of the versions in place of מַשְׁכִּיל (mashkil, “one who kills children”) with the majority of Hebrew mss and some of the versions. See BHS note d for the details.

20 tn Or more freely, “Their arrows will be as successful at hitting their mark // as a skilled soldier always returns from battle with plunder.”

sn I.e., none of the arrows misses its mark.



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