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Jeremiah 1:10

Context
1:10 Know for certain that 1  I hereby give you the authority to announce to nations and kingdoms that they will be 2  uprooted and torn down, destroyed and demolished, rebuilt and firmly planted.” 3 

Jeremiah 1:18

Context
1:18 I, the Lord, 4  hereby promise to make you 5  as strong as a fortified city, an iron pillar, and a bronze wall. You will be able to stand up against all who live in 6  the land, including the kings of Judah, its officials, its priests and all the people of the land.

1 tn Heb “See!” The Hebrew imperative of the verb used here (רָאָה, raah) functions the same as the particle in v. 9. See the translator’s note there.

2 tn Heb “I appoint you today over nations and kingdoms to uproot….” The phrase refers to the Lord giving Jeremiah authority as a prophet to declare what he, the Lord, will do; it does not mean that Jeremiah himself will do these things. The expression involves a figure of speech where the subject of a declaration is stated instead of the declaration about it. Compare a similar use of the same figure in Gen 41:13.

3 sn These three pairs represent the twofold nature of Jeremiah’s prophecies, prophecies of judgment and restoration. For the further programmatic use of these pairs for Jeremiah’s ministry see 18:7-10 and 31:27-28.

4 tn See the note on “Jeremiah” at the beginning of v. 17.

5 tn Heb “today I have made you.” The Hebrew verb form here emphasizes the certainty of a yet future act; the Lord is promising to protect Jeremiah from any future attacks which may result from his faithfully carrying out his commission. See a similar use of the same Hebrew verb tense in v. 9, and see the translator’s note there.

6 tn Heb “I make you a fortified city…against all the land….” The words “as strong as” and “so you will be able to stand against all the people of…” are given to clarify the meaning of the metaphor.



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