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Judges 8:27

Context
8:27 Gideon used all this to make 1  an ephod, 2  which he put in his hometown of Ophrah. All the Israelites 3  prostituted themselves to it by worshiping it 4  there. It became a snare to Gideon and his family.

Judges 8:33

Context
Israel Returns to Baal-Worship

8:33 After Gideon died, the Israelites again prostituted themselves to the Baals. They made Baal-Berith 5  their god.

Judges 21:17

Context
21:17 The 6  remnant of Benjamin must be preserved. An entire Israelite tribe should not be wiped out. 7 

1 tn Heb “made it into.”

2 sn In Exod 28:4-6 and several other texts an ephod is described as a priestly or cultic garment. In some cases an ephod is used to obtain a divine oracle (1 Sam 23:9; 30:7). Here the ephod is made of gold and is described as being quite heavy (70-75 lbs?). Some identify it as an idol, but it was more likely a cultic object fashioned in the form of a garment which was used for oracular purposes. For discussion of the ephod in the OT, see C. F. Burney, Judges, 236-43, and R. de Vaux, Ancient Israel, 349-52.

3 tn Heb “Israel” (a collective singular).

4 tn The words “by worshiping it” are supplied in the translation for clarity.

5 sn Baal-Berith was a local manifestation of the Canaanite storm god. The name means, ironically, “Baal of the covenant.” Israel’s covenant allegiance had indeed shifted.

6 tn The Hebrew text has “and they said” at the beginning of the verse. For stylistic reasons the translation treats v. 17 as a continuation of the remarks of the leaders in v. 16.

7 tn Heb “An inheritance for the remnant belonging to Benjamin, and a tribe from Israel will not be wiped away.” The first statement lacks a verb. Some prefer to emend the text to read, “How can an inheritance remain for the remnant of Benjamin?”



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