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Judges 6:1-10

Context
Oppression and Confrontation

6:1 The Israelites did evil in the Lord’s sight, 1  so the Lord turned them over to 2  Midian for seven years. 6:2 The Midianites 3  overwhelmed Israel. 4  Because of Midian the Israelites made shelters 5  for themselves in the hills, as well as caves and strongholds. 6:3 Whenever the Israelites planted their crops, 6  the Midianites, Amalekites, and the people from the east would attack them. 7  6:4 They invaded the land 8  and devoured 9  its crops 10  all the way to Gaza. They left nothing for the Israelites to eat, 11  and they took away 12  the sheep, oxen, and donkeys. 6:5 When they invaded 13  with their cattle and tents, they were as thick 14  as locusts. Neither they nor their camels could be counted. 15  They came to devour 16  the land. 6:6 Israel was so severely weakened by Midian that the Israelites cried out to the Lord for help.

6:7 When the Israelites cried out to the Lord for help because of Midian, 6:8 he 17  sent a prophet 18  to the Israelites. He said to them, “This is what the Lord God of Israel says: ‘I brought you up from Egypt 19  and took you out of that place of slavery. 20  6:9 I rescued you from Egypt’s power 21  and from the power of all who oppressed you. I drove them out before you and gave their land to you. 6:10 I said to you, “I am the Lord your God! Do not worship 22  the gods of the Amorites, in whose land you are now living!” But you have disobeyed me.’” 23 

1 tn Heb “in the eyes of.”

2 tn Heb “gave them into the hand of.”

3 tn Heb “the hand of Midian.”

4 tn Heb “The hand of Midian was strong against Israel.”

5 tn Or possibly “secret storage places.” The Hebrew word occurs only here in the Hebrew Bible.

6 tn Heb “Whenever Israel sowed seed.”

7 tn Heb “Midian, Amalek, and the sons of the east would go up, they would go up against him.” The translation assumes that וְעָלוּ (vÿalu) is dittographic (note the following עָלָיו, ’alayv).

8 tn Heb “They encamped against them.”

9 tn Heb “destroyed.”

10 tn Heb “the crops of the land.”

11 tn Heb “They left no sustenance in Israel.”

12 tn The words “they took away” are supplied in the translation for clarification.

13 tn Heb “came up.”

14 tn Heb “numerous.”

15 tn Heb “To them and to their camels there was no number.”

16 tn Heb “destroy.” The translation “devour” carries through the imagery of a locust plague earlier in this verse.

17 tn Heb “the Lord”; the proper name has been replaced by the pronoun (“he”) in the translation for stylistic reasons.

18 tn Heb “a man, a prophet.” Hebrew idiom sometimes puts a generic term before a more specific designation.

19 tc Some ancient witnesses read “from the land of Egypt.” מֵאֶרֶץ (meerets, “from the land [of]”) could have been accidentally omitted by homoioarcton (note the following מִמִּצְרַיִם [mimmitsrayim, “from Egypt”]).

20 tn Heb “of the house of slavery.”

21 tn Heb “hand” (also a second time later in this verse).

22 tn Heb “Do not fear.”

23 tn Heb “you have not listened to my voice.”



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