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Judges 2:11-14

Context
A Monotonous Cycle

2:11 The Israelites did evil before 1  the Lord by worshiping 2  the Baals. 2:12 They abandoned the Lord God of their ancestors 3  who brought them out of the land of Egypt. They followed other gods – the gods of the nations who lived around them. They worshiped 4  them and made the Lord angry. 2:13 They abandoned the Lord and worshiped Baal and the Ashtars. 5 

2:14 The Lord was furious with Israel 6  and handed them over to robbers who plundered them. 7  He turned them over to 8  their enemies who lived around them. They could not withstand their enemies’ attacks. 9 

1 tn Heb “in the eyes of.”

2 tn Or “serving”; or “following.”

3 tn Or “fathers.”

4 tn Or “bowed before” (the same expression occurs in the following verse).

5 tn Some English translations simply transliterate the plural Hebrew term (“Ashtaroth,” cf. NAB, NASB), pluralize the transliterated Hebrew singular form (“Ashtoreths,” cf. NIV), or use a variation of the name (“Astartes,” cf. NRSV).

sn The Ashtars were local manifestations of the goddess Astarte.

6 tn Or “The Lord’s anger burned [or “raged”] against Israel.”

7 tn Heb “robbers who robbed them.” (The verb שָׁסָה [shasah] appears twice in the verse.)

sn The expression robbers who plundered them is a derogatory reference to the enemy nations, as the next line indicates.

8 tn Heb “sold them into the hands of.”

9 tn The word “attacks” is supplied in the translation both for clarity and for stylistic reasons.



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