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Isaiah 8:13-15

Context

8:13 You must recognize the authority of the Lord who commands armies. 1 

He is the one you must respect;

he is the one you must fear. 2 

8:14 He will become a sanctuary, 3 

but a stone that makes a person trip,

and a rock that makes one stumble –

to the two houses of Israel. 4 

He will become 5  a trap and a snare

to the residents of Jerusalem. 6 

8:15 Many will stumble over the stone and the rock, 7 

and will fall and be seriously injured,

and will be ensnared and captured.”

1 tn Heb “the Lord who commands armies [traditionally, the Lord of hosts], him you must set apart.” The word order is emphatic, with the object being placed first.

2 tn Heb “he is your [object of] fear, he is your [object of] terror.” The roots יָרֵא (yare’) and עָרַץ (’arats) are repeated from v. 12b.

3 tn Because the metaphor of protection (“sanctuary”) does not fit the negative mood that follows in vv. 14b-15, some contend that מִקְדָּשׁ (miqdash, “sanctuary”) is probably a corruption of an original מוֹקֵשׁ (moqesh, “snare”), a word that appears in the next line (cf. NAB and H. Wildberger, Isaiah, 1:355-56). If the MT reading is retained (as in the above translation), the fact that Yahweh is a sanctuary wraps up the point of v. 13 and stands in contrast to God’s treatment of those who rebel against him (the rest of v. 14).

4 sn The two “houses” of Israel (= the patriarch Jacob) are the northern kingdom of Israel and the southern kingdom of Judah.

5 tn These words are supplied in the translation for stylistic reasons. וְהָיָה (vÿhayah, “and he will be”) does double duty in the parallel structure of the verse.

6 map For location see Map5 B1; Map6 F3; Map7 E2; Map8 F2; Map10 B3; JP1 F4; JP2 F4; JP3 F4; JP4 F4.

7 tn Heb “over them” (so NASB); NCV “over this rock.”



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