57:3 But approach, you sons of omen readers,
you offspring of adulteresses and prostitutes! 1
57:5 you who practice ritual sex 2 under the oaks and every green tree,
who slaughter children near the streams under the rocky overhangs. 3
1 tc The Hebrew text reads literally, “offspring of an adulterer [masculine] and [one who] has committed adultery.” Perhaps the text has suffered from transposition of vav (ו) and tav (ת) and מְנָאֵף וַתִּזְנֶה (mÿna’ef vattizneh) should be emended to מְנָאֶפֶת וְזֹנָה (mÿna’efet vÿzonah, “an adulteress and a prostitute”). Both singular nouns would be understood in a collective sense. Most modern English versions render both forms as nouns.
2 tn Heb “inflame yourselves”; NRSV “burn with lust.” This verse alludes to the practice of ritual sex that accompanied pagan fertility rites.
3 sn This apparently alludes to the practice of child sacrifice (cf. TEV, CEV, NLT).