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Isaiah 54:5-6

Context

54:5 For your husband is the one who made you –

the Lord who commands armies is his name.

He is your protector, 1  the Holy One of Israel. 2 

He is called “God of the entire earth.”

54:6 “Indeed, the Lord will call you back

like a wife who has been abandoned and suffers from depression, 3 

like a young wife when she has been rejected,” says your God.

Isaiah 62:4-5

Context

62:4 You will no longer be called, “Abandoned,”

and your land will no longer be called “Desolate.”

Indeed, 4  you will be called “My Delight is in Her,” 5 

and your land “Married.” 6 

For the Lord will take delight in you,

and your land will be married to him. 7 

62:5 As a young man marries a young woman,

so your sons 8  will marry you.

As a bridegroom rejoices over a bride,

so your God will rejoice over you.

1 tn Or “redeemer.” See the note at 41:14.

2 sn See the note on the phrase “the Holy One of Israel” in 1:4.

3 tn Heb “like a woman abandoned and grieved in spirit.”

4 tn Or “for”; KJV, NAB, NASB, NIV, NRSV “but.”

5 tn Hebrew חֶפְצִי־בָהּ (kheftsi-vah), traditionally transliterated “Hephzibah” (so KJV, ASV, NIV).

6 tn Hebrew בְּעוּלָה (bÿulah), traditionally transliterated “Beulah” (so KJV, ASV, NIV).

7 tn That is, the land will be restored to the Lord’s favor and once again enjoy his blessing and protection. To indicate the land’s relationship to the Lord, the words “to him” have been supplied at the end of the clause.

8 tc The Hebrew text has “your sons,” but this produces an odd metaphor and is somewhat incongruous with the parallelism. In the context (v. 4b, see also 54:5-7) the Lord is the one who “marries” Zion. Therefore several prefer to emend “your sons” to בֹּנָיִךְ (bonayikh, “your builder”; e.g., NRSV). In Ps 147:2 the Lord is called the “builder of Jerusalem.” However, this emendation is not the best option for at least four reasons. First, although the Lord is never called the “builder” of Jerusalem in Isaiah, the idea of Zion’s children possessing the land does occur (Isa 49:20; 54:3; cf. also 14:1; 60:21). Secondly, all the ancient versions support the MT reading. Thirdly, although the verb בָּעַל (baal) can mean “to marry,” its basic idea is “to possess.” Consequently, the verb stresses a relationship more than a state. All the ancient versions render this verb “to dwell in” or “to dwell with.” The point is not just that the land will be reinhabited, but that it will be in a relationship of “belonging” to the Israelites. Hence a relational verb like בָּעַל is used (J. N. Oswalt, Isaiah [NICOT], 2:581). Finally, “sons” is a well-known metaphor for “inhabitants” (J. de Waard, Isaiah, 208).



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