54:3 For you will spread out to the right and to the left;
your children will conquer 1 nations
and will resettle desolate cities.
54:4 Don’t be afraid, for you will not be put to shame!
Don’t be intimidated, 2 for you will not be humiliated!
You will forget about the shame you experienced in your youth;
you will no longer remember the disgrace of your abandonment. 3
54:5 For your husband is the one who made you –
the Lord who commands armies is his name.
He is called “God of the entire earth.”
54:6 “Indeed, the Lord will call you back
like a wife who has been abandoned and suffers from depression, 6
like a young wife when she has been rejected,” says your God.
but with great compassion I will gather you.
but with lasting devotion I will have compassion on you,”
says your protector, 10 the Lord.
1 tn Or “take possession of”; NAB “shall dispossess.”
2 tn Or “embarrassed”; NASB “humiliated…disgraced.”
3 tn Another option is to translate, “the disgrace of our widowhood” (so NRSV). However, the following context (vv. 6-7) refers to Zion’s husband, the Lord, abandoning her, not dying. This suggests that an אַלְמָנָה (’almanah) was a woman who had lost her husband, whether by death or abandonment.
6 tn Heb “like a woman abandoned and grieved in spirit.”
7 tn Or “forsook” (NASB).
8 tn According to BDB 1009 s.v. שֶׁטֶף the noun שֶׁצֶף here is an alternate form of שֶׁטֶף (shetef, “flood”). Some relate the word to an alleged Akkadian cognate meaning “strength.”
9 tn Heb “I hid my face from you.”