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Isaiah 49:4-5


49:4 But I thought, 1  “I have worked in vain;

I have expended my energy for absolutely nothing.” 2 

But the Lord will vindicate me;

my God will reward me. 3 

49:5 So now the Lord says,

the one who formed me from birth 4  to be his servant –

he did this 5  to restore Jacob to himself,

so that Israel might be gathered to him;

and I will be honored 6  in the Lord’s sight,

for my God is my source of strength 7 

1 tn Or “said” (KJV, NASB, NIV, NRSV); NLT “I replied.”

2 tn Heb “for nothing and emptiness.” Synonyms are combined to emphasize the common idea.

3 tn Heb “But my justice is with the Lord, and my reward [or “wage”] with my God.”

4 tn Heb “from the womb” (so KJV, NASB).

5 tn The words “he did this” are supplied in the translation for stylistic reasons. In the Hebrew text the infinitive construct of purpose is subordinated to the previous statement.

6 tn The vav (ו) + imperfect is translated here as a result clause; one might interpret it as indicating purpose, “and so I might be honored.”

7 tn Heb “and my God is [perhaps, “having been”] my strength.” The disjunctive structure (vav [ו] + subject + verb) is interpreted here as indicating a causal circumstantial clause.

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