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Isaiah 45:7

Context

45:7 I am 1  the one who forms light

and creates darkness; 2 

the one who brings about peace

and creates calamity. 3 

I am the Lord, who accomplishes all these things.

Isaiah 45:12

Context

45:12 I made the earth,

I created the people who live 4  on it.

It was me – my hands 5  stretched out the sky, 6 

I give orders to all the heavenly lights. 7 

1 tn The words “I am” are supplied in the translation for stylistic reasons. In the Hebrew text the participle at the beginning of v. 7 stands in apposition to “the Lord” in v. 6.

2 tn On the surface v. 7a appears to describe God’s sovereign control over the cycle of day and night, but the following statement suggests that “light” and “darkness” symbolize “deliverance” and “judgment.”

3 sn This verses affirms that God is ultimately sovereign over his world, including mankind and nations. In accordance with his sovereign will, he can cause wars to cease and peace to predominate (as he was about to do for his exiled people through Cyrus), or he can bring disaster and judgment on nations (as he was about to do to Babylon through Cyrus).

4 tn The words “who live” are supplied in the translation for stylistic reasons.

5 tn Heb “I, even my hands”; NASB “I stretched out…with My hands”; NRSV “it was my hands that stretched out.” The same construction occurs at the beginning of v. 13.

6 tn Or “the heavens.” The Hebrew term שָׁמַיִם (shamayim) may be translated “heavens” or “sky” depending on the context.

7 tn Heb “and to all their host I commanded.” See the notes at 40:26.



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