and creates darkness; 2
the one who brings about peace
and creates calamity. 3
I am the Lord, who accomplishes all these things.
45:12 I made the earth,
I created the people who live 4 on it.
I give orders to all the heavenly lights. 7
2 tn On the surface v. 7a appears to describe God’s sovereign control over the cycle of day and night, but the following statement suggests that “light” and “darkness” symbolize “deliverance” and “judgment.”
3 sn This verses affirms that God is ultimately sovereign over his world, including mankind and nations. In accordance with his sovereign will, he can cause wars to cease and peace to predominate (as he was about to do for his exiled people through Cyrus), or he can bring disaster and judgment on nations (as he was about to do to Babylon through Cyrus).
4 tn The words “who live” are supplied in the translation for stylistic reasons.
6 tn Or “the heavens.” The Hebrew term שָׁמַיִם (shamayim) may be translated “heavens” or “sky” depending on the context.