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Isaiah 44:28

Context

44:28 who commissions 1  Cyrus, the one I appointed as shepherd 2 

to carry out all my wishes 3 

and to decree concerning Jerusalem, ‘She will be rebuilt,’

and concerning the temple, ‘It will be reconstructed.’” 4 

Isaiah 46:10

Context

46:10 who announces the end from the beginning

and reveals beforehand 5  what has not yet occurred,

who says, ‘My plan will be realized,

I will accomplish what I desire,’

Isaiah 48:14

Context

48:14 All of you, gather together and listen!

Who among them 6  announced these things?

The Lord’s ally 7  will carry out his desire against Babylon;

he will exert his power against the Babylonians. 8 

1 tn Heb “says to.” It is possible that the sentence is not completed, as the description of Cyrus and his God-given role is developed in the rest of the verse. 45:1 picks up where 44:28a leaves off with the Lord’s actual words to Cyrus finally being quoted in 45:2.

2 tn Heb “my shepherd.” The shepherd motif is sometimes applied, as here, to a royal figure who is responsible for the well-being of the people whom he rules.

3 tn Heb “that he might bring to completion all my desire.”

4 tn Heb “and [concerning the] temple, you will be founded.” The preposition -לְ (lÿ) is understood by ellipsis at the beginning of the second line. The verb תִּוָּסֵד (tivvased, “you will be founded”) is second masculine singular and is probably addressed to the personified temple (הֵיכָל [hekhal, “temple”] is masculine).

5 tn Or “from long ago”; KJV, NASB, NIV, NRSV “from ancient times.”

6 sn This probably refers to the idol gods (see v. 5).

7 tn Or “friend,” or “covenant partner.”

sn The Lord’s ally is a reference to Cyrus.

8 tn Heb “and his arm [against] the Babylonians.”



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