to carry out all my wishes 3
and to decree concerning Jerusalem, ‘She will be rebuilt,’
and concerning the temple, ‘It will be reconstructed.’” 4
to Cyrus, whose right hand I hold 6
in order to subdue nations before him,
and disarm kings, 7
to open doors before him,
so gates remain unclosed:
45:2 “I will go before you
and level mountains. 8
Bronze doors I will shatter
and iron bars 9 I will hack through.
riches stashed away in secret places,
so you may recognize that I am the Lord,
the one who calls you by name, the God of Israel.
45:4 For the sake of my servant Jacob,
Israel, my chosen one,
I call you by name
and give you a title of respect, even though you do not recognize 11 me.
there is no God but me.
that there is no God but me;
I am the Lord, I have no peer.
from a distant land, one who carries out my plan.
Yes, I have decreed, 18
yes, I will bring it to pass;
I have formulated a plan,
yes, I will carry it out.
48:14 All of you, gather together and listen!
Who among them 19 announced these things?
The Lord’s ally 20 will carry out his desire against Babylon;
he will exert his power against the Babylonians. 21
48:15 I, I have spoken –
yes, I have summoned him;
I lead him and he will succeed. 22
48:16 Approach me! Listen to this!
From the very first I have not spoken in secret;
when it happens, 23 I am there.”
So now, the sovereign Lord has sent me, accompanied by his spirit. 24
1 tn Heb “says to.” It is possible that the sentence is not completed, as the description of Cyrus and his God-given role is developed in the rest of the verse. 45:1 picks up where 44:28a leaves off with the Lord’s actual words to Cyrus finally being quoted in 45:2.
2 tn Heb “my shepherd.” The shepherd motif is sometimes applied, as here, to a royal figure who is responsible for the well-being of the people whom he rules.
3 tn Heb “that he might bring to completion all my desire.”
4 tn Heb “and [concerning the] temple, you will be founded.” The preposition -לְ (lÿ) is understood by ellipsis at the beginning of the second line. The verb תִּוָּסֵד (tivvased, “you will be founded”) is second masculine singular and is probably addressed to the personified temple (הֵיכָל [hekhal, “temple”] is masculine).
5 tn Heb “anointed” (so KJV, NAB, NIV, NRSV, NLT); NCV “his appointed king.”
6 sn The “right hand” is a symbol of activity and strength; the Lord directs Cyrus’ activities and assures his success.
7 tn Heb “and the belts of kings I will loosen”; NRSV “strip kings of their robes”; NIV “strip kings of their armor.”
8 tc The form הֲדוּרִים (hadurim) makes little, if any, sense here. It is probably a corruption of an original הָרָרִים (hararim, “mountains”), the reduplicated form of הָר (har, “mountain”).
9 tn That is, on the gates. Cf. CEV “break the iron bars on bronze gates.”
10 tn Heb “treasures of darkness” (KJV, NASB, NIV, NRSV); TEV “treasures from dark, secret places.”
11 tn Or “know” (NCV, NRSV, TEV, NLT); NIV “acknowledge.”
13 tn Heb “gird you” (so NASB) or “strengthen you” (so NIV).
14 tn Or “know” (NAB, NCV, NRSV, TEV, CEV, NLT); NIV “have not acknowledged.”
15 tn The words “I do this” are supplied in the translation for stylistic reasons.
16 tn Heb “they” (so KJV, ASV); TEV, CEV “everyone”; NLT “all the world.”
18 tn Heb “spoken”; KJV “I have spoken it.”
20 tn Or “friend,” or “covenant partner.”
21 tn Heb “and his arm [against] the Babylonians.”
22 tn Heb “and his way will be prosperous.”
23 tn Heb “from the time of its occurring.”