Who 2 summons the successive generations from the beginning?
I, the Lord, am present at the very beginning,
and at the very end – I am the one. 3
43:10 You are my witnesses,” says the Lord,
“my servant whom I have chosen,
so that you may consider 4 and believe in me,
and understand that I am he.
No god was formed before me,
and none will outlive me. 5
43:13 From this day forward I am he;
no one can deliver from my power; 6
I will act, and who can prevent it?”
46:10 who announces the end from the beginning
and reveals beforehand 7 what has not yet occurred,
who says, ‘My plan will be realized,
I will accomplish what I desire,’
48:12 Listen to me, O Jacob,
Israel, whom I summoned!
I am the one;
I am present at the very beginning
and at the very end. 8
1 tn Heb “Who acts and accomplishes?”; NASB “Who has performed and accomplished it.”
2 tn The interrogative particle is understood by ellipsis (note the preceding line).
3 tn Heb “I, the Lord, [am with] the first, and with the last ones I [am] he.”
4 tn Or “know” (KJV, NAB, NASB, NIV, NRSV).
5 tn Heb “and after me, there will not be”; NASB “there will be none after Me.”
6 tn Heb “hand” (so KJV, NASB, NIV, NRSV); NLT “No one can oppose what I do.”
7 tn Or “from long ago”; KJV, NASB, NIV, NRSV “from ancient times.”
8 tn Heb “I [am] he, I [am the] first, also I [am the] last.”