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Isaiah 31:8-9


31:8 Assyria will fall by a sword, but not one human-made; 1 

a sword not made by humankind will destroy them. 2 

They will run away from this sword 3 

and their young men will be forced to do hard labor.

31:9 They will surrender their stronghold 4  because of fear; 5 

their officers will be afraid of the Lord’s battle flag.” 6 

This is what the Lord says –

the one whose fire is in Zion,

whose firepot is in Jerusalem. 7 

1 tn Heb “Assyria will fall by a sword, not of a man.”

2 tn Heb “and a sword not of humankind will devour him.”

3 tn Heb “he will flee for himself from before a sword.”

4 tn Heb “rocky cliff” (cf. ASV, NASB “rock”), viewed metaphorically as a place of defense and security.

5 tn Heb “His rocky cliff, because of fear, will pass away [i.e., “perish”].”

6 tn Heb “and they will be afraid of the flag, his officers.”

7 sn The “fire” and “firepot” here symbolize divine judgment, which is heating up like a fire in Jerusalem, waiting to be used against the Assyrians when they attack the city.

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