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Isaiah 24:17-21

Context

24:17 Terror, pit, and snare

are ready to overtake you inhabitants of the earth! 1 

24:18 The one who runs away from the sound of the terror

will fall into the pit; 2 

the one who climbs out of the pit,

will be trapped by the snare.

For the floodgates of the heavens 3  are opened up 4 

and the foundations of the earth shake.

24:19 The earth is broken in pieces,

the earth is ripped to shreds,

the earth shakes violently. 5 

24:20 The earth will stagger around 6  like a drunk;

it will sway back and forth like a hut in a windstorm. 7 

Its sin will weigh it down,

and it will fall and never get up again.

The Lord Will Become King

24:21 At that time 8  the Lord will punish 9 

the heavenly forces in the heavens 10 

and the earthly kings on the earth.

Isaiah 26:9

Context

26:9 I 11  look for 12  you during the night,

my spirit within me seeks you at dawn,

for when your judgments come upon the earth,

those who live in the world learn about justice. 13 

Isaiah 26:21

Context

26:21 For look, the Lord is coming out of the place where he lives, 14 

to punish the sin of those who live on the earth.

The earth will display the blood shed on it;

it will no longer cover up its slain. 15 

Isaiah 28:22

Context

28:22 So now, do not mock,

or your chains will become heavier!

For I have heard a message about decreed destruction,

from the sovereign master, the Lord who commands armies, against the entire land. 16 

1 tn Heb “[are] upon you, O inhabitant of the earth.” The first line of v. 17 provides another classic example of Hebrew wordplay. The names of the three instruments of judgment (פָח,פַחַת,פַּחַד [pakhad, fakhat, fakh]) all begin with the letters פח (peh-khet) and the first two end in dental consonants (ת/ד, tet/dalet). Once again the repetition of sound draws attention to the statement and contributes to the theme of the inescapability of judgment. As their similar-sounding names suggest, terror, pit, and snare are allies in destroying the objects of divine wrath.

2 tn The verb that introduces this verse serves as a discourse particle and is untranslated; see note on “in the future” in 2:2.

3 tn Heb “from the height”; KJV “from on high.”

4 sn The language reflects the account of the Noahic Flood (see Gen 7:11).

5 tn Once more repetition is used to draw attention to a statement. In the Hebrew text each lines ends with אֶרֶץ (’erets, “earth”). Each line also uses a Hitpolel verb form from a geminate root preceded by an emphatic infinitive absolute.

6 tn Heb “staggering, staggers.” The Hebrew text uses the infinitive absolute before the finite verb for emphasis and sound play.

7 tn The words “in a windstorm” are supplied in the translation to clarify the metaphor.

8 tn Or “in that day” (so KJV). The verb that introduces this verse serves as a discourse particle and is untranslated; see note on “in the future” in 2:2.

9 tn Heb “visit [in judgment].”

10 tn Heb “the host of the height in the height.” The “host of the height/heaven” refers to the heavenly luminaries (stars and planets, see, among others, Deut 4:19; 17:3; 2 Kgs 17:16; 21:3, 5; 23:4-5; 2 Chr 33:3, 5) that populate the divine/heavenly assembly in mythological and prescientific Israelite thought (see Job 38:7; Isa 14:13).

11 tn Heb “with my soul I.” This is a figure for the speaker himself (“I”).

12 tn Or “long for, desire.” The speaker acknowledges that he is eager to see God come in judgment (see vv. 8, 9b).

13 tn The translation understands צֶדֶק (tsedeq) in the sense of “justice,” but it is possible that it carries the nuance “righteousness,” in which case one might translate, “those who live in the world learn to live in a righteous manner” (cf. NCV).

14 tn Heb “out of his place” (so KJV, ASV).

15 sn This implies that rampant bloodshed is one of the reasons for divine judgment. See the note at 24:5.

16 tn Or “the whole earth” (KJV, ASV, NAB, NCV).



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