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Isaiah 23:8-9


23:8 Who planned this for royal Tyre, 1 

whose merchants are princes,

whose traders are the dignitaries 2  of the earth?

23:9 The Lord who commands armies planned it –

to dishonor the pride that comes from all her beauty, 3 

to humiliate all the dignitaries of the earth.

1 tn The precise meaning of הַמַּעֲטִירָה (hammaatirah) is uncertain. The form is a Hiphil participle from עָטַר (’atar), a denominative verb derived from עֲטָרָה (’atarah, “crown, wreath”). The participle may mean “one who wears a crown” or “one who distributes crowns.” In either case, Tyre’s prominence in the international political arena is in view.

2 tn Heb “the honored” (so NASB, NRSV); NIV “renowned.”

3 tn Heb “the pride of all the beauty.”

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